Learn Measure Blog About

Links to cross-origin destinations are unsafe

Updated

When you link to a page on another site using the target="_blank" attribute, you can expose your site to performance and security issues:

  • The other page may run on the same process as your page. If the other page is running a lot of JavaScript, your page's performance may suffer.
  • The other page can access your window object with the window.opener property. This may allow the other page to redirect your page to a malicious URL.

Adding rel="noopener" or rel="noreferrer" to your target="_blank" links avoids these issues.

How the Lighthouse cross-origin destination audit fails

Lighthouse flags unsafe links to cross-origin destinations:

Lighthouse audit showing unsafe links to cross-origin destinations

Lighthouse uses the following process to identify links as unsafe:

  1. Gather all <a> tags that contain the target="_blank" attribute but not the rel="noopener" or rel="noreferrer" attributes.
  2. Filter out any same-host links.

Because Lighthouse filters out same-host links, there's an edge case you should be aware of if you're working on a large site: if one page contains a target="_blank" link to another page on your site without using rel="noopener", the performance implications of this audit still apply. However, you won't see these links in your Lighthouse results.

Each Best Practices audit is weighted equally in the Lighthouse Best Practices Score. Learn more in The Best Practices score.

How to improve your site's performance and prevent security vulnerabilities

Add rel="noopener" or rel="noreferrer" to each link identified in your Lighthouse report. In general, when you use target="_blank", always add rel="noopener" or rel="noreferrer":

<a href="https://examplepetstore.com" target="_blank" rel="noopener">
Example Pet Store
</a>
  • rel="noopener" prevents the new page from being able to access the window.opener property and ensures it runs in a separate process.
  • rel="noreferrer" has the same effect but also prevents the Referer header from being sent to the new page. See Link type "noreferrer".

See the Share cross-origin resources safely post for more information.

Resources

Last updated: Improve article