If a rendered image has an aspect ratio that's significantly different from the aspect ratio in its source file (the natural aspect ratio), the rendered image may look distorted, possibly creating an unpleasant user experience.
How the Lighthouse image aspect ratio audit fails
Lighthouse flags any image with a rendered aspect ratio 5 percent or more different from its natural ratio:
There are two common causes for an incorrect image aspect ratio:
- An image is set to explicit width and height values that differ from the source image's dimensions.
- An image is set to a width and height as a percentage of a variably-sized container.
Each Best Practices audit is weighted equally in the Lighthouse Best Practices Score. Learn more in The Best Practices score.
Ensure images display with the correct aspect ratio
There are two places to check for incorrect image dimensions: your CSS and
<img> tag in your HTML.
Check the CSS that affects the image's aspect ratio
If you're having trouble finding the CSS that's causing the incorrect aspect ratio, Chrome DevTools can show you the CSS declarations that affect a given image. See Google's View only the CSS that's actually applied to an element page for more information.
Check the image's
height attributes in the HTML
When possible, it's good practice to specify each image's
attributes in your HTML so that the browser can allocate space for the image.
This approach helps to ensure that content below the image doesn't shift once
the image is loaded.
However, specifying image dimensions in HTML can be difficult if you're working with responsive images because there's no way to know the width and height until you know the viewport dimensions. Consider using the CSS Aspect Ratio library or aspect ratio boxes to help preserve aspect ratios for responsive images.
Finally, check out the Serve images with correct dimensions post to learn how to serve images that are the right size for each user's device.