Labels ensure that form controls are announced properly by assistive technologies like screen readers. Assistive technology users rely on these labels to navigate forms. Mouse and touchscreen users also benefit from labels because the label text makes a larger click target.
How this Lighthouse audit fails #
Lighthouse flags form elements that don't have associated labels:
How to add labels to form elements #
There are two ways to associate a label with a form element. Either place the input element inside a label element:
Receive promotional offers?
Or use the label's
for attribute and refer to the element's ID:
<input id="promo" type="checkbox">
<label for="promo">Receive promotional offers?</label>
When the checkbox has been labeled correctly, assistive technologies report that the element has a role of checkbox, is in a checked state, and is named "Receive promotional offers?" See also Label form elements.
- Source code for Form elements do not have associated labels audit
<input>elements must have labels (Deque University)