Autoplay carousel

Autoplay carousel

This carousel uses CSS scroll snap to create smooth, performant slide transitions that do not cause layout shifts.

This carousel can be navigated in a variety of ways: in addition to navigation controls, it supports keyboard navigation and swiping. To maximize usability and readability, the carousel stops auto-transitioning once the user mouseovers within the carousel area.

<div id="carousel">
  <div id="slide-container">
    <div class="slide" data-slideIndex="0">
      <div class="slide-banner">Tour the Empire State Building! <a href="">Buy tickets now.</a></div>
      <img width="1200" height="600" src="./newyork.jpg">
    </div>
    <div class="slide" data-slideIndex="1">
      <div class="slide-banner">Ride the Shinkansen! <a href="">Buy tickets now.</a></div>
      <img width="1200" height="600" src="./tokyo.jpg">
    </div>
    <div class="slide" data-slideIndex="2">
      <div class="slide-banner">Discover relaxation! <a href="">Buy tickets now.</a></div>
      <img width="1200" height="600" src="./beach.jpg">
    </div>
    <div class="slide" data-slideIndex="3">
      <div class="slide-banner">See penguins! <a href="">Buy tickets now.</a></div>
      <img width="1200" height="600" src="./penguins.jpg">
    </div>
    <div class="slide" data-slideIndex="4">
      <div class="slide-banner">Take a ride on the wheel! <a href="">Buy tickets now.</a></div>
      <img width="1200" height="600" src="./wheel.jpg">
    </div>
  </div>
  <div id="back-button" class="arrow back"></div>
  <div id="forward-button" class="arrow forward"></div>
  <div class="slide-indicators">
    <div class="slide-indicator active"></div>
    <div class="slide-indicator"></div>
    <div class="slide-indicator"></div>
    <div class="slide-indicator"></div>
    <div class="slide-indicator"></div>
  </div>
</div>
function autoplayCarousel() {
    const carouselEl = document.getElementById("carousel");
    const slideContainerEl = carouselEl.querySelector("#slide-container");
    const slideEl = carouselEl.querySelector(".slide");
    let slideWidth = slideEl.offsetWidth;
    // Add click handlers
    document.querySelector("#back-button")
        .addEventListener("click", () => navigate("backward"));
    document.querySelector("#forward-button")
        .addEventListener("click", () => navigate("forward"));
    document.querySelectorAll(".slide-indicator")
        .forEach((dot, index) => {
            dot.addEventListener("click", () => navigate(index));
            dot.addEventListener("mouseenter", () => clearInterval(autoplay));
        });
    // Add keyboard handlers
    document.addEventListener('keydown', (e) => {
        if (e.code === 'ArrowLeft') {
            clearInterval(autoplay);
            navigate("backward");
        } else if (e.code === 'ArrowRight') {
            clearInterval(autoplay);
            navigate("forward");
        }
    });
    // Add resize handler
    window.addEventListener('resize', () => {
        slideWidth = slideEl.offsetWidth;
    });
    // Autoplay
    const autoplay = setInterval(() => navigate("forward"), 3000);
    slideContainerEl.addEventListener("mouseenter", () => clearInterval(autoplay));
    // Slide transition
    const getNewScrollPosition = (arg) => {
        const gap = 10;
        const maxScrollLeft = slideContainerEl.scrollWidth - slideWidth;
        if (arg === "forward") {
            const x = slideContainerEl.scrollLeft + slideWidth + gap;
            return x <= maxScrollLeft ? x : 0;
        } else if (arg === "backward") {
            const x = slideContainerEl.scrollLeft - slideWidth - gap;
            return x >= 0 ? x : maxScrollLeft;
        } else if (typeof arg === "number") {
            const x = arg * (slideWidth + gap);
            return x;
        }
    }
    const navigate = (arg) => {
        slideContainerEl.scrollLeft = getNewScrollPosition(arg);
    }
    // Slide indicators
    const slideObserver = new IntersectionObserver((entries, observer) => {
        entries.forEach(entry => {
            if (entry.isIntersecting) {
                const slideIndex = entry.target.dataset.slideindex;
                carouselEl.querySelector('.slide-indicator.active').classList.remove('active');
                carouselEl.querySelectorAll('.slide-indicator')[slideIndex].classList.add('active');
            }
        });
    }, { root: slideContainerEl, threshold: .1 });
    document.querySelectorAll('.slide').forEach((slide) => {
        slideObserver.observe(slide);
    });
}
autoplayCarousel();
#carousel {
    max-width: 1200px;
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
    margin: 0 auto;
    position: relative;
}  
.slide-indicators {
    display: flex;
    justify-content: center;
}
.slide-indicator {
    height: 44px;
    width: 50px;
    display: flex;
    justify-items: center;
    cursor: pointer;
}
.slide-indicator:after {
    content: "";
    background-color: #878787;
    height: 10px;
    margin-top: 10px;
    width: 40px;
}
.slide-indicator.active:after,
.slide-indicator:hover:after {
    background-color: #000000;
}
.slide-banner {
    background-color: #000000;
    color: #ffffff;
    position: absolute;
    left: 0;
    bottom: 20px;
    padding: 15px;
    font-size: 2.5vw;
}
.slide-banner a {
    color: #ffffff;
}
#slide-container {
    scroll-snap-type: x mandatory;
    overflow-x: scroll;
    overflow-y: hidden;
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    height: 100%;
    gap: 10px;
    -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch;
    scroll-behavior: smooth;
}
.slide {
    scroll-snap-align: center;
    position: relative;
    min-width: 100%;
    padding-top: 50%;
}
.slide img {
    height: 100%;
    width: auto;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
}
.arrow {
    color: #ffffff;
    height: 20px;
    width: 20px;
    background-color: #000000;
    position: absolute;
    padding: 10px;
    opacity: .3;
    cursor: pointer;
}
.arrow.back {
    left: 10px;
    top: 10px;
}
.arrow.forward {
    right: 10px;
    top: 10px;
}
.arrow:hover {
    opacity: 1;
}
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