Same Origin Policy & Fetch requests

Mariko Kosaka
Mariko Kosaka

In this codelab, see how the same-origin works when fetching resources.

Set up: Fetch page from same origin

The demo is hosted at https://same-origin-policy-fetch.glitch.me. This simple web page uses fetch to load resource from https://same-origin-policy-fetch.glitch.me/fetch.html. Since index.html and fetch.html share the same origin, you should see 200 displayed on the live preview.

1. Fetch page from different origin

Try to change the fetch URL to https://www.google.com.
What do you see in the live preview?

The browser should have blocked the fetch request because you requested a resource from a different origin. This means an attacker cannot read cross-origin resources even if they have taken control of a user's browser.

2. Fetch a cross-origin resource

Try changing the fetch URL to https://api.thecatapi.com/v1/images/search. What do you see in the live preview?

The fetch URL is a different origin, but you should see the status code 200. Why? Modern web applications often request cross-origin resources to load third-party scripts or query an API endpoint. To accommodate these use cases, there is a mechanism called CORS (Cross Origin Resource Sharing) to tell the browser that loading of a cross-origin resource is allowed. See Share cross-origin resources safely for more on CORS.